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PRE-K / AGES 3-5

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PRACTICE FOUR LITERACY SKILLS BEFORE STARTING SCH0OL

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Children must learn the names and sounds of the ABCs. Once they understand the connection between letters and sounds, they can begin to combine letters to form words. This is the very foundation of reading! 

1

TEACH KIDS THE ABCs

2

TEACH THE SOUNDS LETTERS MAKE

3

TEACH KIDS TO WRITE THEIR NAME

4

READ TOGETHER EVERY DAY

MILESTONES FOR 3 YEAR OLDS

Enjoy both being read to and looking at books

Pretend to read pictures, books, rhymes; point out some letters

Can begin to recite favorite books by memory

Practice emergent writing by scribbling or forming letters.

MILESTONES FOR 4 YEAR OLDS

Enjoy both being read to and beginning to read to self

State first and last name and identify name in print

Identify some upper and lower case letters including letters in their name

Point out and say some letter names and sounds in print

MILESTONES FOR 5 YEAR OLDS

Understands that written words are connected to sound

Identify at least 10 letters of the alphabet

Write first and last name and familiar words

Say alphabet and vowels (a/e/i/o/u)

Put together simple sentences

Practice inventive & phonetic spelling with unfamiliar words, (e.g. ”Kat” for “Cat” or “Curls” for “Colors”)

TRY THESE ACTIVITIES

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SING THE ABC SONG

Sing the alphabet song together each morning when you’re getting your child dressed. Then have them sing it while pointing at each letter of the alphabet. 

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START WITH THEIR OWN NAME

The most meaningful letters to your child are the ones they see in their own name. Write their name everywhere you can, such as on their drink cups and backpacks, or put the letters of their name on the wall of their bedroom. It’s important for them to see the letters of their name written often.

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GUESS MY LETTER

 Tell your child a letter sound and have them guess the name of the letter that matches. “The letter I’m thinking of makes the “ssssss” sound. What letter is it?”

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POINT OUT THE LETTERS

 Point to individual letters you see on cereal boxes, signs at the store or while driving and ask them to tell you what they are. Then describe the letter shape: “That’s the letter ‘p’, it has a big line and a little curve.”

MONSTER MANSION LETTER MATCH

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PBS KIDS
PAINT BY LETTER

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OAKLAND RESOURCES

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OAKLAND PUBLIC LIBRARY

Find a storytime at your local library branch.

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TANDEM PARTNERS IN EARLY LEARNING

A Bay Area nonprofit working at the intersection of social justice and early childhood education. Explore Tandem’s growing collection of virtual storytime videos by category. Interactive videos feature high-quality children’s books, and each video focuses on developing specific early learning skills based on the California Preschool Learning Foundations.

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LOTUS BLOOM

Free family play groups for children ages 0-5 at several locations across Oakland.